Baby allergies to peanut

Baby allergies to peanut

Peanut allergy is the most dangerous type of food allergy because the reactions may be severe and life-threatening. That’s why pediatricians recommend introducing peanut when the baby is at least 2 years old. Statistics show that the number of baby with peanut allergies is constantly increasing but the good news is that about 25% of babies with peanut allergies outgrow them later.

Symptoms of baby allergies to peanut

Peanut allergy reactions vary and depend on how sensitive the baby is and, of course, on the quantity consumed. Peanut allergy symptoms usually appear immediately after having consumed peanuts, and include:

  • gastrointestinal: vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain
  • dermatological: hives, eczema, angioedema – swelling of lips, face, throat and skin
  • respiratory: asthma, anaphylactic shock, called also anaphylaxis – obstruction of the upper and lower airways, hypertension and collapse.

The most obvious way to get peanut allergy symptoms is by eating peanuts. They are or might be present in:

  • peanut butter
  • sweets like cookies, candy bars, pudding, hot chocolate
  • sauces, pesto, gravy and salad dressings
  • some vegetarian food products, like meat substitutes
  • even in egg rolls

But there are also other ways of getting a reaction to peanuts:

  • cross-contact: some nut butters are produced on the same equipment used to process peanut butter, always check the label or contact the manufacturer.
  • touching or smelling the peanuts – although these ways are more present in common beliefs rather than proved by scientific testing, if the baby has severe allergies, you’d better keep her off the peanut products!

Peanut allergy treatment

The first and most important way to avoid peanut allergy reactions is to avoid any peanut and peanut related products. So you should always check the label and look for any information saying: may contain traces of peanuts.

Some parents implement another treatment method that consists in desensitizing the immune system by feeding a minuscule amount of peanut and increasing it in time.

The peanut allergy can cause anaphylaxis so if you suspect peanut allergy, test it and, if directed by pediatrician, carry at all times epinephrine, medicine in injector in case of emergency. Inform all caretakers of your baby about baby allergies to peanut.The more precautions you will take, the safer your baby will be!

Peanut allergy controversy

The most controversial subject around peanut allergy is the link between baby allergies to peanut and maternal exposure to peanuts during pregnancy. However, some studies show that the amount of the time baby was breastfed might have influence. Another hypothesis says that usage of lotions with peanut oil could be the cause.

The exact cause of baby allergies to peanut remains unknown but whatever it is, a mother-to-be, a pregnant woman and a breastfeeding mother should avoid any peanuts and any products based on peanuts. Peanut-free diet is easy to implement for the mother and could be so much beneficial for the baby!

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