Asthma in baby allergies


Asthma in baby allergies

Asthma is an inflammatory disease of the airways, characterized by variable and recurring symptoms. It is the most common chronic condition in children, with 9 million kids diagnosed in the United States.

Cause of asthma

Asthma is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors, especially pollution.

Some experts point to the fact that nowadays children are raised in a more sterile environment than in the past, which weakens their immune system. Also, some researches prove that the obesity in children may be the cause. As per Dr. Welch, clinical professor at pediatrics at the University of California, San Diego, there is a strong connection between a condition that affects the skin and the one that affects the airways, so if your baby has eczema, she is running a higher risk of developing asthma later on.

But the factor to be blamed the most is pollution: recent study by University of Southern California in L.A. shows that young children who are exposed to near-traffic related pollution, may develop asthma.

Symptoms of asthma

Symptoms of asthma include:

· wheezing

· coughing

· chest tightness

· shortness of breath

Parents should be alert all the time because asthma attack may occur at any time. Symptoms of asthma are often worst at night or in the early morning, or in response to exercise or cold air. Some factors may trigger asthma attack, like allergens or irritants, so it is important to avoid them and learn what to do to prevent asthma attacks.

Asthma prevention

Symptoms can be prevented in many different ways:

· by avoiding triggers (allergens, irritants)

· thanks to breastfeeding

· by following instructions from hygiene hypothesis.

Good news for the children attending day care: studies show that toddlers who were around more children have a lower chance of developing asthma. The same statement concerns pets: allowing pets exposure gives your children somewhat protection from developing asthma and allergies.

Diagnosis

Asthma is usually first diagnosed by parents, worried by a frequent cough and problems with breathing. If any of that occurs, an immediate visit at the doctor’s office is recommended. The doctor will base his diagnosis on the interview and testing. He should consider how often the child experiences wheezing, coughing, breathlessness, nighttime awakenings, how often you need to give your child the medication and how well the lungs are functioning.

With proper control and appropriate therapy the prognosis is generally good. Some kids may have a dry cold when lying down or when they go out to a cold weather. Remember that coughing is a symptom of asthma, but other things can cause a cough so an accurate diagnosis is the key. The doctor might call your baby’s symptoms “reactive airway disease” instead of asthma. It is because your baby might be too young to perform tests that could help diagnose asthma. The good news is that reactive airway disease might not lead to asthma but regardless of what it’s called, it means that the airways are overreacting to the environment.

Due to the growing level of pollution, we observe a significantly increasing number of people suffering from asthma. In 2010, 300 million people were affected worldwide.

Treatment of asthma

There are two types of medication used to treat asthma in baby allergies:

· medication to ease asthma symptoms quickly by relaxing the smooth muscle in the airways, called “rescue” medications like ProAir or Ventolin

· medication of long-term prevention that reduces inflammation in the airways, called “controller” meds, including inhaled corticosteroids like Flovent or Pulmicort.

Obviously, children with persistent symptoms should always use controller medications. If the inflammation that comes with asthma is untreated, airways functioning can deteriorate.

Remember: asthma doesn’t need to limit your child’s activity: the best way to control your child’s asthma is to use the right medication strategies at the right time, not to limit what your child does.

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